Key Stats

Capital: New Delhi

Population: 1.3 billion

Average life expectancy: 69 years

Literacy rate: 71%

Population living below poverty line: 22%

Population without electricity: 237 million

Population without access to safe drinking water: 2.4 million

Most widely spoken language: Hindi

Source: The World Factbook

About India

After China, India is the most populated country in the world with over 1 billion people, and has a complex system of religious beliefs and beautiful cultural traditions. The country suffers from overpopulation, corruption, and pollution. While certain sectors of the economy are developing quickly, the majority of the population will not benefit from these advancements. The handicraft sector is a major source of income for rural communities, employing over 6 million people, including many women.